Avus

Country:
Germany
Location:
Berlin
Description

The layout for the circuit in the Grunewald district of Berlin was simple – two straights joined by a slightly banked corner at Charlottenburg and a hairpin six miles south at Nikolasse. Average lap speeds at AVUS were boosted to over 170 mph when the awesome 43-degree banked North Curve (or "Wall of Death") was built in 1937. At the end of the war the southern end of the original circuit ran into the Soviet zone, so a new South curve was built cutting the circuit in half. The German GP was held twice at AVUS, with Rudolf Caracciola's private Mercedes winning the inaugural event in 1926 and Tony Brooks succeeding in 1959. Both were also tragic affairs however. Adolf Rosenberger crashed into a scoring hut in 1926, killing the three occupants, and Jean Behra died in a sports car race supporting the 1959 race. The North Curve was dismantled in 1967, but a further shortened AVUS continued to hold national events until it finally closed in May 1998.

Versions

1994 - 1998

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
1.6400 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1994
End year:
1998
Description:
Chicane built before Nord Kehre

1992 - 1993

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
1.6400 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1992
End year:
1993
Description:
New Sud Kehre built

1989 - 1991

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
3.0320 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1989
End year:
1991
Description:
New Sud Kehre built

1968 - 1988

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
5.0390 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1968
End year:
1988
Description:
Nord Kehre banking dismantled

1951 - 1967

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
5.1570 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1951
End year:
1967
Fastest lap:
Tony Brooks (Ferrari Dino 246), 2m04.5, 149.118 mph, F1, 1959
Fastest qualifying lap:
Tony Brooks (Ferrari Dino 246), 2m05.9, 147.460 mph, F1, 1959
Description:
New Sud Kehre built as half the circuit was in Soviet held territory

1937 - 1939

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
11.9870 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1937
End year:
1939
Fastest lap:
Bernd Rosemeyer (Auto Union C), 4m11.2, 171.788 mph, GP, 1937
Description:
43 degree banked Nord Kehre built

1921 - 1936

Official name:
Automobil Verkehrs und Ubungsstrasse
Length:
12.1600 (miles)
Type:
Temporary road course
Start year:
1921
End year:
1936
Fastest lap:
Hans Stuck (Auto Union B), 4m32, 160.941 mph, GP, 1935
Description:
Original circuit with 10 degree banked Nord Kehre

From the Archive

Sir, I very much enjoyed the article 'Dire straights' by Adam Cooper in the October issue. One oft-repeated error was however made regarding the Avus track in Berlin. The circuit was not shor...
Sir, Now that the Berlin wall has fallen, may we hope that the legendary pre-war race track at Avus will be conserved? It is an astonishing sight as one travels eastward along the Berliner-Ring Au...
(Sept. 19th)With no factory entries from Maserati or Ferrari the streamlined Mercédès-Benz cars driven by Fangio, Kling and Herrmann had little difficulty in sweeping the board on the very fast...

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