THE CARS AT EARLS COURT

THE CARS AT EARLS COURT

A.C. Stand 181

A.C. offers a specialised 2-litre car which is already in export production in appreciable quantities at the Thames Ditton works, where the firm makes its own bodywork in the best coachbuilding tradition. Indeed, the A.C. retains the appeal of a specialist-built quality car. Its connecting-rods and pistons are carefully balanced before assembly ; bearings, although of modern type, are handfitted, and engines are electrically run-in before being bench-tested.

The engine is the well-tried 2-litre, 65 by 100-mm., six-cylinder, using A.C.'s famous wet-liner light-alloy construction and embodying alloys and steels fully up to pre-war standards of excellence. With inclined o.h. valves operated by a chain-driven o.h. camshaft, five-bearing balanced crankshaft and three S.U. carburetters, this engine contrives to deliver 74 b.h.p. at 4,500 r.p.m. on a compressionratio of 6.5 to 1—nearly as high an output as was obtained on "racing car" compression ratios with this unit, pre-war. Exhaust noise is muted by the traditional twin expansion-chambers on the exhaust manifold, in conjunction with two Servals silencers high-set on the chassis. The crankcase has been stiffened, the waterpump lowered to clear the new bonnet and shorten its belt-drive, while the mounting legs have been modified. Oil filter and distributor are truly accessible.

This very genuine power unit is installed in a chassis at once simple yet effective. Suspension is by Woodhead elliptic springs all round, damped by pleasantly trouble-free Woodhead-Monroe shock-absorbing struts at the front and by the well-tried Luvax-Girling dampers at the rear—this suspension system has few moving parts to wear and there are merely four grease-nipples at the front, Silentbloc bushes being employed at the rear. The rear springs are inboard of the side-members and pass below the axle, while the chassis frame is a rigid boxsection cruciform. The drive goes via a smoothly-acting Borg and Beck clutch to a Moss four-speed-and-reverse synchromesh gearbox controlled by a normal, rigid central lever. The ratios are 4.625, 6.32, 9.16 and 15.6 to 1. Final drive is by open shaft to an E.N.V. rear axle. Braking is by 12-in. dia. hydro-mechanical Girlings, using A.C.'s own grease-packed, enclosed compensator at the rear. The hand-brake lever is normally located but of pull-out type. Cam steering with transverse drag-link is used, easily fitted for either left-hand or right-hand location. Dunlop wheels carry 5.50-17 tyres, a EARLS COURT EXHIBITION In this Second Special Show Number of MOTOR SPORT will be found information on outstanding aspects of all the cars at Earls Court, make by make. It is thought that this special issue may be retained for reference purposes,so data on engine sizes,output, gear-ratios and the major technical features are included, while manufacturersand concessionaires'addresses, with telephone numbers in most instances, are quoted. Since we published a list of car exhibitors last month, the S.M.M.T. has amended some of the Stand Numbers. A corrected list follows :— A.C.-131 Alfa-Romeo-159 Allard-137 Alvis-166 ArmstrongSiddeley-147 Aston-Martin—I38 Austin—I44 Bentley-168 Bristol-142 Buick—170 Chrysler-149A Citroen-152 Daimler-153 Delahaye-172 Dodge—I49 Ford-165 Frazer-Nash-135 General Motors —175 Healey—I40 Hillman-160 Hotchkiss—I34 Hudson-167 Humber-157 Jaguar—I46 Jensen—173 Jowett-174 Lagonda-138 Lanchester-158 Lea-Francis—176 Lincoln—I36 M.G.—I48 Morgan—I39 Morris-163 Oldsmobile-177 Packard—I43 Panhard-171 Pontiac—178 Renault—I69 Riley-141 Rolls-Royce-164 Rover-161 Singer-145 Standard-150 Studebaker-156 Sunbeam-Talbot —154 Triumph-150 Vauxhall-162 Wolseley-151 Enquiries : S.M.M.T.-69

Lucas 12-volt system looks after the electrics, and the fuel tank holds 11 gallons. The car is truly low, rendering entry and exit very unlaborious, yet has a perfectly clean underline, offering a 7-in. clearance. Wheelbase and track are 9 ft. 9 in. and 4 ft. 7 in., respectively, and the saloon weighs around 25 cwt.

From brief experience of the new A.C. we can confirm that it offers really generous leg, head and elbow-room, has a genuine three-abreast rear seat and very exceptional forward vision as one of its most endearing features—both front wings and much of the road beside them can be seen from the low-set driving seat. It has lines pleasant to those who appreciate the modernistic while eschewing the futuristic, the rear-wheel spats having been discarded recently, which, in our estimation, has improved the appearance.

The suspension provides a good compromise between comfort and control of excessive roll when cornering, the steering gives a fine lock, is very accurate and has full castor-action, and as to the performance offered by the pink-free 2-litre engine, A.C.s will talk of 65 m.p.h.

cruising and a maximum of about 85 m.p.h. under favourable conditions. The cars have been severely tested in the Alps, when they refused to lose cooling water. It is nice to know that Thames Ditton still builds the sort of car that made discerning buyers A.C.-conscious in the past, and that little items such as a radiator grille in rustless-brass, afterwards chrorniumed, plastic instead of rubber screen-bonding, and wire-mesh stone protectors for the 16-gauge aluminium wings figure in this honest British motor car. The basic price of the saloon is £099. A.C. CARS LTD., THAMES DrrroN, SURREY (Emberbrook 2840). ALFA-ROMEO. Stand 159 In their present-day catalogue AlfaRomeo, besides some fine colour-pictures of the " 158 " G.P. car, proudly list their racing successes since 1924. So the 6C "2,500 " 2nd Series" Sport" and" Super Sport" models are of especial allure. The sports model has a 2,448-c.c. sixcylinder twin o.h.c. engine, giving 90 b.h.p. at 4,600 r.p.m. on a 7-to-1 compressionratio. The construction is very enticing, with one-piece cast-iron block and crankcase and a light-alloy cylinder head with hemispherical combustion spaces. The camshafts of the modern Alfa-Romeo operate direct and are driven by an automatically-tensioned chain, but are coupled via helical gears. The crank

shaft runs in seven bearings and is dynamically balanced ; sump, and, indeed, the gearbox are heavily ribbed, and cooling is looked after by a belt-driven pump and fan, in conjunction with thermostatically-controlled shutters to the good old formula. Ignition is by coil, with hand and automatic control, and fuel feed by mechanical pump to a downdraught carburetter with accelerator pump and starting gadget.

The drive goes through a single-plate elastic-hub dry clutch to a unit fourspeed-and-reverse gearbox with steering column actuation. There is synchromesh on second and third gears—to remind us how far we have come since we timidly handled a " Zagato " for the first time many years ago. The chassis is a boxed, one-piece, welded sheet-steel frame, and the propeller-shaft is in three sections. Most interesting, the rear suspension is independent, with differential on the frame and jointed half-shafts taking the drive to the wheels. The type is not specified ; at the front it is by hydraulically-damped coil springs and also, of course, independent. The brakes are hydraulic, Rudge-type wheels carry 6.0018 Pirelli tyres, and the fuel tank holds 17 gallons. The fuel consumption is quoted as 18+ m.p.g. and the maximum speed as 96 m.p.h. The "Super Sport" chassis differs iq giving 105 b.h.p. at 4,800 r.p.m. from the same size (72 by

100 mm.) engine, by reason of three horizontal carburetters. The wheelbase is shorter, reducing weight by approximately 75 kg., to 1,000 kg., and the speed is increased to 102 m.p.h.

On show will be a very handsome twodoor" Golden Arrow" saloon, with sheetsteel frame with.partial light-alloy lining, slide-out spare wheel mounting in the boot, air conditioning, built-in jacks, provision for radio and ivorite or plexiglass dashboard controls. This exhibit will be backed up by a cabriolet of the most modern conception. The chassis carries bumpers. THOMSON & TAYLOR (BROOKLANDS) LTD., PORTSMOUTH ROAD, COBHAM, SURREY (Cobham 2848/9). ALLARD. Stand 187 The Allard is an outstanding car in a number of different ways. In the first place, it employs a Ford engine, gearbox, rear axle and other components, which ensures reliability, and service facilities the world over. It has a comparatively simple specification, yet it offers very real acceleration and a good turn of speed— the " step-off " in bottom gear is a sensation it is necessary to experience to appreciate. Over and above these two often conflicting, but in the Allard reconciled, qualities must be placed the car's quiet refined manner of running, its arresting appearance, and its happy blend of suspension layout and weight distribution that endows the car with

exceptionally good roadholding, particularly noticeable when swinging through a succession of curves at speeds approaching the maximum. Sydney Allard built Ford-base " specials ' for fun for many years and his record of competition successes is second to none. That is why, when you purchase an Allard, you have a car able not only to take you in comfort and security at high average speeds on tours or long-distance business journeys, and

able to take your wife on docile shopping expeditions, but a car able to earn laurels in speed events, trials, rallies, driving tests and, indeed, almost any type of competition without doing itself harm. The specification embraces a 3.6-litre Ford V8 engine, giving 85 b.h.p. at 8,800 r.p.m. on a compression-ratio of 6.12 to 1, a rigid chassis with transverse leaf springing, independent suspension being achieved at the front by a swing axle, 6.25-16 tyres on steel wheels and 12-volt Lucas electrical equipment. The chassis is made in two lengths of wheel base, 8 ft. 10 in. and 9 ft. 4 in., and has Lockheed brakes. Light weight is one of

the secrets of the Allard's vivid manner of going : the coupe, for example, on the long chassis, turns the scales at 26+ cwt.

The Allard is largely unaltered for 1949, but the gear-lever has been transferred to the steering column and the indirect gear-ratios are now rather higher than before, bottom being 12.8 and second 7.3 to 1, whereas the former ratios were 14.4 and 6.95 to 1. Top gear remains 4.11 to 1. The seating arrangements have also been altered to some extent. The Allard's ground clearance is ample for the roughest going and even when driven hard its fuel consumption is commendably low. It would be hard to find a better all-round car than the modern V8 Allard. It will be shown in coupe, twoand fourseater and sports-saloon forms. THE ALLARD MOTOR COMPANY, LTD., 24/28, HIGH STREET, CLAPHAM, S.W.4 (Macaulay 2431). ALM. Stand 166 • Alvis concentrate on their 14-h.p. fourcylinder car, which, they say, is steadily increasing in popularity in a manner unsurpassed by any of their previous models. The 13.58-h.p., 74 by 110-mm., 1,892-c.c. engine uses push-rod o.h. valves, a three-bearing crankshaft, chaindrive for its camshaft, and a single S.U. carburetter. Cooling is by pump, ignition

by coil. The chassis has a wheelbase of 9 ft. in., the Dunlop wheels carry 6.00-16 Dunlop tyres, and the gear ratios of the rather beautiful unit gearbox are 4.875, 6.48, 9.42 and 14.46 to 1. The Alvis has normal, underslung +-elliptic suspension controlled by piston-type dampers, and other features are an 11f-gallon fuel tank, Girling 2 L.S. brakes, Marks steering and f. floating hypoid rear axle. At Earls Court the exhibits will include a four-light saloon and a drophead coupe. ALVIS LTD., COVENTRY (Coventry 5501). ARMSTRONG-SIDDELEY Stand 147 •

Armstrong-Siddeley continue their wellestablished 2-litre o.h.v. six-cylinder cars. The changes for 1949 confine themselves to a lower, more steeply sloping bonnet, rubber stoneguards for the rear wings, Burman F-type steering and Luvax P.V.6 dampers. Lucas Mk.II headlamps are now fitted. A " Lancaster " fourdoor saloon, " Hurricane " drophead coupe and a " Typhoon " two-door sports saloon will be shown.

ARMSTRONG-SIDDELEY MOTORS, LTD., COVENTRY (Coventry 4061). ASTON-MARTIN Stand 138 The modern Aston-Martin is a most interesting car. Its 9 ft. in. wheelbase chassis is of entirely specialised construction, a rectangular section steel tube structure being used, which also forms a

frame for the bodywork. This light, rigid chassis is very flexibly sprung, on large, unenclosed coil springs, a rigid axle, located by two parallel radius arms on each side and by a transverse anti-roll member, being used at the rear. At the front, trailing-link i.f.s. is employed, the lower links pivoting within an oil-filled tubular cross-member which provides very thorough self-lubrication. Armstrong hydraulic shock-absorbers are connected to the upper suspension links, and an anti-roll torsion bar is incorporated. This suspension permits ample wheel movement and is very supple, ensuring a remarkable degree of comfort, but at the same time a very high degree of roadholding has been achieved—indeed, the Aston-Martin corners impeccably without roll, and is one of our most outstanding cars in this respect.

The engine is an 82.55 by 92 mm., 1,970-c.c. four-cylinder, with detachable head, two horizontal S.U. carburetters, 14-mm. Lodge plugs and pump and fan cooling. It is an unobtrusive, rugged type of unit, which runs up to a notably high peak speed-4,750 r.p.m.—and develops 90 b.h.p. on a 7.25 to 1 compression ratio. Fuel is contained in a 14+ gallon tank and delivered by an S.U. pump, while 12v. Lucas electrical equipment is used.

The drive goes via a Borg and Beck clutch to a David Brown four-speed and reverse synchromesh gearbox, with ratios of 4.1, 5.17, 7.7. and 12.0 to 1, control being by a rigid central remote-control lever. The Girling hydro-mechanical 12 in. two L.S. brakes can be clapped on at speed without unfortunate consequences arising. It is good to see Dunlop centre:lock wire wheels ; they carry 5.75 by 16 Dunlop tyres. Steering accuracy is achieved by worm and roller mechanism. A safe cruising speed of almost 80 m.p.h. is possible. This new 2-litre Aston-Martin established its prestige at Spa, when Johnson and Horsfall won this arduous 24-hour sports-car race outright. At Earls Court the car will be shown as a modern twoseater and also in a most exciting "Spa Replica" form, the latter model being like the actual winner of the Spa race in all respects save lower compressionratio and a smaller fuel tank to provide space for luggage. The spare wheel is accommodated in the streamlined tail. We believe that some 110 m.p.h. was attained at Spa and the production "Spa Replica" model Aston-Martin is expected to weigh around 18+ cwt. and to achieve about 100 m.p.h. David Brown, Ltd., who now own the Company, deserve warm congratulation for listing

such a car. ASTON-MARTIN, LTD., FELTHAM, MIDDLESEX (FELtham 2291). AUSTIN Stand 144 The famous Austin Motor Co., Ltd., has a most attractive range of cars on show, comprising A40 "Devon" saloons, A70 "Hampshire" saloons and A90 "Atlantic" convertibles and an A125 " Sheerline " saloon. All these cars have high-efficiency push-rod o.h.v. engines in chassis using coil-spring i.f.s. and long underslung link-interleaved +-elliptic springs at the rear. The smaller cars use Girling brakes,

.

the A125 Lockheed hydraulic brakes, and the specification in each case is aimed at combining good performance with the well-known Austin dependability.

TheA40 saloon., on 1,200-e.c., cruises at over 60 m.p.h. if required to do so, and has a 72 m.p.h. maximum. From such figures can be visualised the sort of performance of which the A70 and A90 cars should be capable. The A70 has a 79.4 by 111.1 mm. (2,199-c.c.) engine, giving 64 b.h.p. at 3,800 r.p.m., on a compression ratio of 6.8 to 1, while the A90, from an 87.2 by 111.1 mm. (2,660-c.c.) engine, with compression ratio of 7.5 to 1, and two S.U. carburetters in place of a single d.d. Zenith, gives no less than 88 b.h.p. at 4,000 r.p.m.

The A70 uses a four-speed gearbox with synchro-mesh on the three upper speeds, the ratios being 4,125, 5.84, 9.28 and 15.34; the A90 has a similar box, with ratios of 3,667, 5.19, 8.25 and 13.65 to 1. In both cases steering column control is used.

While the A70 is a larger, more brisk version of the very excellent A40, which is already appearing in appreciable numbers on our roads—Scott Moncrieff and Raymond Mays are enthusiast users —the A90 is a most exciting new car of truly modernistic outline with" Atlantic three/five-seater convertible body having power-operated hood and windows and provision for built-in heater, de-mister and radio. This is a car which should offer the performance and convenience of an American automobile with the handling and economy expected from British productions, together with more modest dimensions, the wheelbase being only 8 ft. in. and the overall size 14 ft. 91 in. by 5 ft. 10 in. The top gear ratio gives a speed as high as 20.96 m.p.h. at 1,000 r.p.m., the weight of the A90 " Atlantic " coming out at 25 cwt., dry. The rear wheels are enclosed by the very sleek bodywork, and pressed steel wheels carry E.L.P. 5.50 by 16 tyres. In addition to the very attractive A40 and A70 saloons and the breathtaking A90, Austin offer a modern luxury car

in the A125, which has a 8,460-c.c. sixcylinder engine giving 110 b.h.p. on a compression ratio of 6.8 to 1. The " Sheerline " saloon, illustrated above, is a particularly fine car, with Dunlopillo cushioning, a walnut veneered facia panel, interior heater, de-mister, built-in Ekco radio and other "mod. cons." It has a maximum speed of about 80 m.p.h. and offers effortless travel on long or short journeys. The specification includes steering-column gear control, and a 4.45 to 1 hypoid rear axle. Braking is by Lockheed. THE AUSTIN MOTOR CO., LTD., LONGBRIDGE, BIRMINGHAM (Priory 2101). BENTLEY Stand 168 The 41-litre Bentley requires no introduction, and will be seen at Earls Court in a variety of beautiful body styles. These cars offer extreme refinement of running with a maximum speed of well

over 90 m.p.h., which speed can be held for mile after mile when conditions permit, such as on Continental motor roads. In addition, they handle well, wear well and share with the RollsRoyce that positive action of the controls, major and minor, which makes the car, speed and excellent acceleration apart, such a pleasure to drive.

The latest engine has overhead inlet valves operated by push-rods, side exhaust valves, a r.h. control synchromesh gearbox, coil-spring i.f.s. and the famous mechanical servo braking system. BENTLEY MOTORS (1931), LTD., 14-15, CONDUIT STREET, LONDON, W.1. (Mayfair 4412). BRISTOL Stand 142

The Car Division of the Bristol Aeroplane Company will show examples of the Bristol, which is one of Britain's most luxurious cars. Not only is it beautifully made and appointed, but it offers a very high performance indeed from a sixcylinder engine having the modest capacity of 2-litres. From the three-carburetter Type 400/85 saloon a maximum speed of over 95 m.p.h. and 0-60 m.p.h. acceleration in under 15 seconds can be obtained, while such performance is, moreover, retained,without special servicing, for very prolonged mileages. The top gear ratio is not unduly low-3.9 to 1—but the critical 2,500 ft.-per-min. piston speed is not reached until the car is doing nearly 79 m.p.h. The specification embraces a 66 by 96 mm. 7.5 to 1 compression-ratio, short vertical and transverse push-rod o.h.v. engine with 10 mm. sparking plugs, a rigid central gear-lever, i.f.s. by transverse leaf spring and torsion bar rear suspension, Bristol's own shock-absorbers being used. Not only have these cars a very imposing appearance but they are very well finished and possess a very large number of "mod. cons." For instance, chassis lubrication is effected by pressing a pedal, there are thermostatically controlled radiator shutters, and radio, oil and water thermometers, de-misting and de-icing, lamp dip indicator and radio are standard equipment. The bodies are hand-built in the best coachbuilding style by craftsmen at the Bristol works. As wood-framed coach

work is not suitable for all climates, however, a new all-steel body will be featured at Earls Court. The Bristol is one of the very best cars made in Britain today. THE BRISTOL AEROPLANE CO. LTD., FILTON, BRISTOL (BliSt01 48051). BUICK Stand 170

Examples of these much respected American cars will be shown by the concessionaires, but no details have reached us. LENDRUM & HARTMAN, LTD., BuicK WORKS, OLD OAK LANE, N.W.10. CHRYSLER Stand 149A

Chrysler is a name to conjure with amongst the better American cars. The latest examples of this well-known make will be on view and will comprise a " Windsor " four-door saloon and two " Plymouth " four-door saloons, one leather, one cloth upholstered.

CHRYSLER MOTORS, LTD., MORTLAKE ROAD, KEW GARDENS, SURREY (Prospect 8456). CITROEN Stand 152

Some five years before the war Citroen introduced their famous front-wheeldrive car, offering a spacious interior by reason of a flat floor and dashboard gear-lever, splendid roadholding and cornering because of low build and very efficient system of torsional -front suspension, and a brisk performance from a push-rod o.h.v. four-cylinder engine.

To-day this formula is continued in the well-tried "Light Fifteen," which represents very good value for money at £729 is. 8d. in saloon form, inclusive of purchase tax. The 2-litre engine develops 56 b.h.p. at 4,250 r.p.m. on a 6.2 to 1 compression-ratio and the car is smart without following the futuristic trend, while it is a real pleasure to handle over give-and-take roads. Three forward speeds of 4.3, 7.3 and 13.1 to 1 suffice, Lockheed brakes are used, and disc wheels carry 165 by 400 Broadbase tyres. A new 2,866-c.c. six-cylinder model of virtually the same design has just been introduced and should be a very fine car. It gives 76 b.h.p. at 3,800 r.p.m., pulls a 8.87 to 1 top gear, has a 10 ft. 10i in. wheelbase and is, likewise, of sober but very attractive appearance. At Earls Court the exhibits will be a five-seater "Light Fifteen" saloon, a "De Luxe" fixed-roof saloon on the same chassis—or should it be as part of the same chassis ?—and these same models in the new six-cylinder form. CITROEN CARS, LTD., TRADING ESTATE, SLOUGH, BUCKS (Slough

23811-6). DAIMLER Stand 153

Daimler has made luxury cars for many years, and has the honour to supply the British Royal Family. Not only do their magnificent straight eight carriages retain an old-world dignity allied to that briskness of going essential for easy negotiation of present-day traffic, but they are capable of speeds of which many sports-cars would not be ashamed, while so nicely do they negotiate corners that many owners must feel jealous of the chauffeurs they appoint ! In addition, Daimler has perfected the famous fluid flywheel cum self -thange-epicyclic-gearbox transmission which not only makes these cars very simple to drive, but ensures smooth starting and easy negotiation of congested areas.

At Earls Court a Hooper limousine on one of the straight-eight chassis will be shown, together with a polished exhibition 2k-litre six-cylinder chassis, a grey fourdoor 2f-litre saloon and an entirely new Barker two-door sports coupe on a "Special Sports" version of the 2k-litre chassis. This last-named car is of modern appearance, while the engine has a special 7.2 to 1 compression ratio head and two carburetters, increasing the output from 70 to 85 b.h.p., at 4,200 r.p.m., while the chassis specification embraces a direct third gear and an overdrive top gear, giving refined highspeed cruising and greater economy of petrol. The worm-drive rear axle has a ratio of 4.857 to 1 and the gearbox ratios are 3, 1.64, 1.00 and .73 to 1, in cmjunction with 6.00 by 16 tyres. THE DAIMLER CO., LTD., COVENTRY (Coventry 4161). DELAHAYE Stand 172

The Type 135 " Special " Delahaye, which will be shown in three coupe forms, has a six-cylinder 84 by 107 mm. 3,557-c.c. four-bearing engine giving 130 b.h.p. It uses three d.d. carburetters, and o.h. valves. The drive passes through a four-speed Cotai gearbox to a 12/41 Gleason back axle. The chassis has friction-damped i.f.s. and long, flat-set k-elliptic rear springs. The wheelbase is 9 ft. 7 in., 6.00 by 17 tyres are used, and the fuel tank carries 22 gallons. The chassis is said to weigh only 16 cwt. 78 lb. SELBORNE (MAYFAIR), LTD., 82, PARK STREET, GROSVENOR SQUARE, W.1 (Mayfair 4733-4). DODGE Stand 149

Dodge, an off-shoot of Chrysler, will display its latest cars at Earls Court. The exhibits will consist of a " Custom " four-door saloon, a "Kingdom" fourdoor saloon and a De Soto " Custom " four-door saloon. DODGE BROS. (BRITAIN), LTD.,

CHRYSLER WORKS, MORTLAKE ROAD, KEW GARDENS, SURREY (Prospect 3456). FORD Stand 165 Ford is a master in the art of making successful inexpensive cars. For 1949 the 8-h.p. " Anglia " and the 10-h.p. " Prefect " saloons have been re-styled. They are the lowest priced cars in their respective h.p.-categories, costing £242 and 2290, exclusive of purchase tax. The

famous 3.6-litre V8 will be on show for the first time at Earls Court in " Pilot " saloon form, a rugged, high-performance car happily free from exterior frills.

THE FORD MOTOR CO. LTD., DAGEI•IHAM, ESSEX (Rainham. 3000). FRAZER-NASH Stand 185

After the war the Aldingtons set out to make the kind of sports car B.M.W. would have offered had they continued production. In this endeavour they have been aided by Ullenhaut and other prominent German technicians. Using a rigid 8-ft. wheelbase chassis of very large diameter tubes, transverse leaf spring and wishbone i.f.s., torsional rear suspension and a Bristol engine/gearbox unit, they have produced a very light 2-litre car which worthily upholds the Frazer-Nash tradition. It possesses smooth highgeared steering, light-to-apply, immensely powerful Lockheed brakes and an engine which will go up to 5,000 and more r.p.m. at a touch of the throttle, while remaining docile and tractable at 1,000 r.p.m. in top gear—we speak from experience gleaned during a brief drive in the Superleggera " two-seater.

Two models are offered, the 90 b.h.p. Fast Tourer and the 5,500 r.p.m. 120 b.h.p. High Speed model, which last year gave 100 b.h.p at 5,000 r.p.m. Two body styles, formed of light alloy panels on a tubular framework, are made, a fullyfaired, modern two-seater with enclosure of the wheels, and, for the High Speed chassis only, a less streamlined, but narrower, two-seater complying with T.T. regulations. The bodies will be made at Isleworth and special attention is being given to freedom from rattles during the life of the car. The modern Frazer-Nash is intended to serve those who spend all their pennies—some £8,500 of them—on one car, which will cope with racing, fast long-distance touring and less exacting expeditions, with equal facility. Mr. H. J. Aldington says he has nothing to fear from Italian sports cars in respect of power output, while the High Speed two-seater is expected to weigh about 14k cwt. For export only a " Superleggera " two-seater by Touring of Italy will be shown. It offers excellent visibility from a wide cockpit possessing two separate, beautifully padded seats, and is ultra-modern and smart in appearance. A.F.N. LTD., FALCON WORKS, LONDON ROAD, ISLEWORTH, MIDDX.' (Hounslow 0011). GENERAL MOTORS LTD. Stand 175

General Motors are a factor to be reckoned with in the States and their various products will form an interesting exhibit.

GENERAL MOTORS, LTD., 23, BucitINGHAM GATE, S.W.1 (Victoria 8141). HEALEY Stand 140 Very soon after the outbreak of peace, Donald Healey, veteran of so many motoring competitions, announced his exciting new high-performance car. It had a very rigid, but light chassis, independent front suspension using lighttrailing links controlled by coil springs, coil springs also being used to suspend the normal rear axle which was stabilised by

a Panhard rod, while this chassis was powered with the famous "Big Four" Riley engine, persuaded to give 104 h.p. at 4,500 r.p.m. A sensational aerodynamic saloon body, properly tested in a wind tunnel, was made for the car and it proved the fastest production car ever tested by the motoring Press, a contemporary timing the saloon Healey at 104 m.p.h. In spite of such speed, and acceleration to match, the new car was a perfectly usable vehicle, happy in traffic, softly-sprung for comfort and rendered safe by reason of its stability, Lockheed brakes and Marks steering.

Since those early days the Healey, both in saloon and aerodynamic open twoseater form, has gained many notable successes in all manner of competitions and has thereby not only firmly established itself amongst British high-performance cars, but has materially increased our National prestige abroad. The wheelbase is 8 ft. 6 in. and the roadster weighs, dry, 20k cwt. The latest model is the " Sportsmobile," which John Cobb used to open the new Silverstone circuit on October 2nd. This very advanced five-six-seater has a front seat width of 48 in. and is a comfortable, exceedingly fast touring car. Like the other Healey models it has gear-ratios of 3.5, 4.963, 7.542 and 12.761 to 1, selected with a rigid central lever. The Healey cruises at over 70 m.p.h. at 2,500 ft.-per-min. piston speed and has won a warm place in the hearts of present-day enthusiasts. The chassis costs 1950. A saloon has been officially timed to do nearly 111 m.p.h., and this month a Healey saloon covered 103.76 miles in the hour at Montlhery.

DONALD HEALEY MOTOR CO., LTD., THE CAPE, WARWICK (Warwick 676-7). HILLMAN Stand 160

The "Minx," that useful and wellestablished British economy "Ten," will be shown in its new "Minx Magnificent" guise, with the modern all-enveloping saloon bodywork. The gearbox is now mounted on its side to facilitate steeringcolumn control, Lockheed 2LS brakes are used, and the former " cart-spring " front suspension has given way to transverse wishbone coil-spring i.f.s. This new Hillman will be in big demand all over the world and is an excellent example of an up-to-the-minute British family car. THE HILLMAN MOTOR CAR CO. LTD.,

RYTON-ON-DUNSMORE, NEAR COVENTRY. HOTCHKISS Stand 134 That fine French car, the 3k-litre Hotchkiss, will be exhibited as a "Grand Sport" two-door four-seater saloon, as a " Gascoyne " four-daor five-seater saloon and as a two-door four-seater drophead coupe with fold-flat windscreen. The "Grand Sport" possesses a G.S. III 27.5-h.p. push-rod o.h.v. six-cylinder engine of 86 by 110 mm., 3,485-c.c., a four-speed gearbox with ratios of 8.8, 5.11, 7.23 and 11.11 to 1, a 9 ft. 2 in. wheelbase, a 19-gallon tank, and, new since the last Show, Lockheed brakes and coil spring i.f.s. Developing 180 b.h.p. at 4,000 r.p.m., this model is claimed to have clocked a mean speed of 97.4 m.p.h. for a 1-mile. The other model differs in

having only one carburetter instead of two, a lower compression ratio (6.5 against 7.0 to 1) and a 10 ft. 1 in. wheelbase. It develops 25 less horse-power but the saloon is said to have clocked 90 m.p.h. for a two-way 4-mile.

HAROLD RADFORD & CO. LTD., MELTON COURT, SOUTH KENSINGTON, S.W.7 (Kensington 6642). HUDSON Stand 167

Two "Commodore Eight" four-door saloons and a " Commodore " convertible brougham will be on the stand. Features are the new low chassis, making the c. of g. lower than that of any other American car and a height of only five feet in spite of ample headroom, a straight-eight 128horse-power L-head motor, coil-spring i.f.s., and " Vacumotive " or normal transmission at the turn of a button. This is an American automobile in its most modern form. HUMBER Stand 157

One of Britain's most dignified mediumpowered cars, the Humber "Super Snipe," will be shown, together with the " Pullman " and the new Hawk." Independent front suspension, steering column gear-change and very spacious, imposing bodywork will be noted. Sidevalve engines are used. HUMBER LTD., RYTON-ON-DUNSMORE, COVENTRY JAGUAR Stand 146

The Jaguar, in its pre-1949 form, won widespread respect in both 24 and 34-litre versions, as a fine car in the older tradition, possessing a really high performance while being in no way cramped in passenger accommodation, and offering very good value for money withal ! Consequently, the advent of the new Mark V will be of the greatest interest to discerning enthusiasts for the high-performance car.

Still available in 24 and 34-litre engine sizes, the Mark V is the former model materially improved. While no attempt been made to render the appearance "futuristic," the rear wheels are now hidden beneath " spats " and the headlamps are now faired-in and the body lines generally cleaned-up. We satisfied ourselves some time ago that the older 34litre Jaguar saloon was a genuine 90-m.p.h. motor-car and the better airflow round the Mark V should make it several nx.p.h. faster. In addition, good and stable as the former car was, the Mark V is brought right into line with modern practice by being endowed with a system of torsionbar and transverse wishbone i.f.s. that has been the subject of experiment since 1938. As the stub axles are accommodated on special ball-joints at the extremities of the wishbones, unsprung weight should be very low. Lubrication points are reduced to a minimum. At the rear 4-elliptic suspension is damped by Girling P.V.7. shock absorbers and an anti-sway bar is used. Steel wheels carry Dunlop Super Comfort tyres of sensible size (6.70 by 16) and Lucas de luxe elec

trical equipment is used. The four-speed synchro-mesh gearbox has ratios of 4.3, 5.87, 8.52 and 14.5 to 1 in the case of the 34-litre car and the excellent short central remote-control lever is retained. The increased performance is met by Girling brakes, now of 2LS type. Returning to the engine, the 34-litre unit has a seven bearing counter-weighted crankshaft, push-rod o.h. valves, and gives 102 b.h.p. at 4,600 r.p.m. on a 7.3 to 1 compression ratio. In spite of its comparatively sober appearance, the Jaguar has those appointments which some people think are the prerogative of the

flying blancmange "—interior heater, de-mister, cool air supply to interior, illuminated luggage and tool compartments, infra-red instrument illumination, press-button door handles, etc. Upholstery is in Vaumol leather hide and Dunlopillo, a sliding roof is retained and the floor is carpeted over a felt underlay. The Jaguar is a dignified car, conspicuous only by reason of its excellent performance. At £1,263 3s. 11d. (with p.t.) in 84-litre form, or £1,189 is. 8d. as a 24-litre, it cannot be considered expensive. A drop-head coupe is aiso listed, at the same price.

JAGUAR CARS, LTD., COVENTRY. JENSEN Stand 173 The Jensen is a fine example of the specialised type of car built in small numbers for an enthusiastic clientele. It has a straight-eight o.h.v. Meadows engine of 85 by 85 mm. (3,860-c.c.), giving 130 b.h.p. at 4,300 r.p.m., on a 6.25 to 1

compression ratio. The gearbox is centrally controlled and has ratios of 3.4, 4.4, 6.5 and 11.5 to 1 and the final drive is by underslung worm rear axle. The makers claim 18 m.p.g. and 90 m.p.h. from this handsome, high-geared, modern but not "futuristic " 10 ft. 6 in. wfieelbase car. At Earls Court they will show a four-door saloon and a left-hand drive four-door convertible.

JENSEN MOTORS, LTD., WEST Bawdwicn (West Bromwich 1112). JOWETT Stand 174 The Jowett Javelin, with its o.h.v. flat-four light-alloy engine, giving 50 b.h.p. at 4,100 r.p.m., from 14 litres, has a brisk 75-77 m.p.h. performance. It seats six people, in a very clean-outline saloon body, rides and handles very nicely indeed by reason of torsion-bar suspension, independent at the front, damped all round by Woodhead Monroe shockabsorbers, while its appointments are fully in keeping with modern practice— steering column control of the four-speed gearbox, provision for H.M.V. push-button

radio, bow windscreen, side-jacking, demisting and car-warming unit and, if required, a clever transparent plastic roof panel. The front seat is easily adjusted by a central winding handle and the spare wheel cleverly accommodated in the boot. This is not only a very fast car "across country," but a decidedly economical one, fuel consumption averaging 82 m.p.g. A sectional saloon shows how the flat-four engine assists towards the spacious interior of this 8 ft. 8 in. wheelbase car, and a sectional engine enables you to appreciate how some of the performance, on a 4.86 to 1 top gear, is derived—the light weight of the car also materially contributes to the excellent acceleration and economy factors. Priced at 1818 10s. 7d., inclusive of tax, the Jowett Javelin is a worthy competitor for world markets and one of Britain's outstanding 11-litre quality cars.

JOWETT CARS, LTD., 48 ALBEMARLE STREET, W.1 (Regent 0721-2). LAGONDA Stand 188

During the war W. 0. Bentley set about designing a new car—the 24-litre Lagonda. It was to be a fast, luxurious, very comfortable car over which no expense was to be spared. It was to carry coachwork formerly associated with cars of about 44-litres capacity, while retaining their quota of speed and acceleration.

Some time ago David Brown acquired Lagonda Ltd., and these fine cars are now in full production at Feitham, where the bodywork is also made. The specification is a brilliant one. The six-cylinder 78 by 90 mm. (2,580c.c.) engine has twin, chaindriveno. h camshafts and 10 mm. plugs and contrives to develop 105 b.h.p. at 5,000 r.p.m., enabling it to cope easily with a 9 ft. 54 in. wheelbase chassis carrying full fiveseater closed bodywork. As originally conceived, a Cotal electric gearbox was used, controlled by a delightful little lever on the facia operated by one finger of the right hand. This box is still offered as an extra, but a David Brown four-speed synchromesh gearbox with steering-column lever is now normally used. The drive passes through a two-piece propellor shaft to a hypoidbevel final drive mounted on the chassis frame, as the rear suspension is independent. Jointed shafts take the drive to each rear wheel and considerable unsprung weight is saved by mounting the brake drums inboard, where they are not entirely out of the air stream, however. This i.r.s. is said to make riding in a Lagonda as comfortable for the duchess as for her chauffeur. Front independent suspension is by coil springs. If required a Newton automatic clutch can be fitted.

The 24-litre Lagonda attains 70 m.p.h. in 3rd gear and over 80 m.p.h. in top gear, has modern but restrained lines and offers a high degree of refinement and co mfort no matter how fast it is driven. It will be shown in saloon and coupe forms. DAVID BROWN LTD.; METHAM, NEAR HUDDERSFIELD. (Continued on page 483) LANCIIESTER Stand 158 On the Lanchester stand a polished exhibition chassis of the Lanchester " Ten " will be shown, together with a four-door green steel saloon and a grey saloon with disabled-driver's controls, on the " Ten " chassis. There will also be a sectioned model of a Lanchester " Ten " engine, turned electrically, and a hand-operated model of the LanchesterDaimler transmission showing how the fluid flywheel and epicyclic self-change

gearbox function. LANCH ESTER MOTOR CO., LTD., COVENTRY (Coventry 4161). LEA-FRANCIS Stand 176

High-quality 12 and 14-h.p. open sports models are offered by Lea-Francis, the former giving 64 b.h.p. at 5,800 r.p.m., the latter 84 b.h.p. at 5,200 r.p.m. in the two-carburetter sports form, while a special competition version of the 11-litre engine is available, with a very high compression-ratio, that gives 118 b.h.p. at 6,200 r.p.m.' and has been successful on cinder-tracks in America. One of the latter engines is used in Spikins' racing Amilcar.

The production Lea-Francis cars are of sober, well-planned design, with fourspeed synchro-mesh gearboxes, giving ratios of 4.55, 6.46, 9.71 and 16.20 to 1 in the case of the 14-h.p. sports model, Girling brakes and half-elliptic suspension. The bodies are of lightweight'construction and very clean in outline, while the use of o.h. valves inclined in hemispherical combustion chambers and operated by short push-rods from a high set camshaft on each side of the block, endow these cars with excellent performance. For export a saloon with torsion-bar i.f.s. is offered.

LEA-FRANCIS CARS, LTD., MUCH PARK STREET, COVENTRY (Coventry 60204-6). LINCOLN Stand 136

Typical of the American car in its latest and boldest form, the Lincoln and Mercury will be shown as a Lincoln "Cosmopolitan Town Sedan," a Lincoln "Sport Sedan" and a six-passenger Mercury coupe. Both have V8 L-head engines, that of the Lincoln developing 152 b.h.p. at 8,600 r.p.m., that of the Mercury 110 b.h.p. at the same speed. " Touch-o-Malic " overdrive is an optional extra on the Lincoln, and both cars have coil-spring i.f.s. LINCOLN CARS LTD. GREAT WEST Ar

ROAD, BRENTFORD. itnnx. (Ealing 4506-9). M.G. Stand 148 Three different models will be displayed, of which one is entirely new. This is a left-hand drive open tourer on the famous i.f.s. 11-litre chassis. It can be rendered fully weather-proof when required, but as an open car in the best M.G. tradition, endowed with a " TC " camshaft and two carburetters, is a fast, safe means of sporting travel. It should particularly appeal to discerning American motorists, who have already given the two-seater " TC " Midget a fine reception. The remaining models on the stand will

comprise one of these " TC " twoseaters and a 11-litre saloon.

THE M.G. CAR COMPANY, LTD., ABINGDON ON THAMES, BERKSHIRE (Abingdon 251). MORGAN Stand 189

The Morgan 4/4 is, refreshingly, a real sports light car of the older type, and will be shown in two-seater, four-seater and coupe body styles. Its specification, as is well known, embraces a 1,267-c.c. fourcylinder engine with o.h. valves and three-bearing 21 in. diameter crankshaft, a separate four-speed gearbox, something of a rarity these days and permitting direct operation from a short, rigid central lever—the ratios are 4.72, 6.70, 11.42 and 16.14 to 1—and a light chassis with the famous Morgan vertical-slide coil-spring i.f.s., deep "Z" shape sidemembers, and a wheelbase of 7 ft. 8 in. Girling brakes are used and full weather protection is provided on the open cars. The basic prices of the two-seater, fourseater and coupe are, respectively, 2409 10s., £428 8s. and £478 108. The Morgan is a brisk performer with a decidedly pleasing " real-car " appearance.

THE MORGAN MOTOR CO. LTD., PICKERSLEIGH ROAD, MALVERN' LINK, Woncs. (Malvern 106). MORRIS Stand 168

The 1949 Morris models are being kept secret until to-day. We believe an aerodynamic car with the four-cylinder side-valve engine used in the former "Eight," known as the Morris Minor, will be on show, together with larger models, one of which will be called the Morris Oxford. Go and see for yourselves ! MORRIS MOTORS, LTD. COWLEY, OXFORD (Oxford 77'777). OLDSMOBILE Stand 177

The present-day Oldsmobile car will be displayed by the British concessionaires, but they have not submitted details. OLDSMOBILE DISTRIBUTORS, LTD., BLINDLEY HEATH, NEAR LINGFIELD, SURREY. PACKARD Stand 143 Three Packards will be exhibited but will not be for sale. They will comprise a Super Eight de luxe seven-passenger limousine, a Super Eight convertible victoria with electrically-actuated hood, windows and front seat adjustment, and a de luxe Eight fourdoor touring sedan. The Super Eights have an 11 ft 9 in. or 10 ft in. wheelbase and develop 145 b.h.p. at 8,600 r.p.m., while the de luxe Eight has the 10 ft. in. wheelbase and gives 180 b.h.p. at 8,600 r.p.m., its engine being 89 cu. in. smaller. The Packard is acknowledged to be one of America's finest cars and interesting features are the servo-hydraulic brakes, aircraft-type shock-absorbers, " Comfortaire ' any-weather ventilation, auto

matic "courtesy lights," variable-speed screen wipers and an audible fillingalarm for the 16-gallon tank. The wheels have slots for snow chains.

LEONARD WILLIAMS & CO. (1940) LTD., GREAT WEST ROAD, BRENTFORD MIDDX. (Ealing 8400). PANHARD cE LAVASSOR Stand 171

This old French concern, dating back to the very earliest days of the Industry, has not revealed the nature of its exhibits, but they may be expected to include the interesting Dyna-Panhard economy-car, which has a fiat-twin air-cooled engine of only 610-c.c. capacity—the smallest at Earls Court—in conjunction with a fourspeed gearbox and front-wheel drive. 56 m.p.h. with extreme economy is claimed for this jolly little car.

SOC. DES ANCIENS ETABS. PANHARD ET LAVASSOR, 19, AvErruz D'IRVY, PARIS, FRANCE. PONTIAC Stand 178

Racing-driver Kaye Don will be in charge of the American Pontiac exhibits. U.S. CONCESSIONAIRES, LTD., 5, JUBILEE PLACE, S.W.3 (Flaxman 7752). RENAULT Stand 169

Renault Ltd., will show the very attractive little 760-c.c. o.h.v. threespeed rear-engined four-seater saloon, capable of nearly 60 m.p.h., and a fuel consumption of 45 m.p.g., even when driven with considerable a,bandon. . Comfortable riding for so small a vehicle is another outstanding feature. The older Renault " Eight " will also be on show. RENAULT, LTD., WESTERN. AVENUE, W.3 (Acorn 4655). RILEY Stand 141

Rileys are putting on a very interesting show, comprising a green left-hand drive 11-litre saloon, an ivory 21-litre right-hand drive drophead coupe with scarlet upholstery, a left-hand drive 21-litre 100 h.p. open three-seater sports model and a 21-litre right-hand drive chassis. These are well-tried cars of excellent performance and very handsome appearance. The Riley engine, with inclined o.h. valves in hemispherical combustion chambers, operated from a high-set camshaft on each side of the block, is noted for efficiency, and in 21-litre form now gives 10 per cent. more horse power-100 b.h.p.

at 4,500 r.p.m.—than previously. This is the result of using larger inlet valves, which, however, weigh no more than the older ones. Carburetter maintenance on the 11-litre engine is facilitated by a change in air-intake elbow position, while

the inlet-valve cover can now be removed without disturbing the air-silencer. Other 1949 improvements include Girling 2LS hydro-mechanical brakes on the 2i-litre, the new Girling HNS 1 front brakes on the lt-litre, lower floor level, better windscreen sealing, draught excluders for the pedals, double seals for the doors, extra ash-trays, new interior-control bonnet fasteners, narrow gearbox tunnel giving room for the clutch-foot and improved rear-seat arm rests. H.M.V. radio and a heater are extras.

Great interest attaches to the threeabreast sports model, which has been electrically-timed at 97.98 m.p.h. for a two-way kilometre on the Aeltre-Jabbeke motor road, exceeding 100 m.p.h. in one direction. This model has steering column gear change and a 20-gallon fuel tank. RILEY (COVENTRY) LTD., FOLESHILL, COVENTRY (Coventry 88051). ROLLS-ROYCE Stand 164

The magnificent "Silver Wraith," so aptly carrying on the tradition of "The Best Car in the World," needs no embellishing. It is the most expensive car on show, the limousine costing over £6,000. It will be shown in saloon, limousine, sedanca de vile and drophead coupe forms, the coachwork being by Park Ward, Hooper, Mulliner and Gurney Nutting, respectively. Note particularly the carefully planned system of coil-spring i.f.s., the efficient, silent i.o.e. six-cylinder engine, the servo braking and the right-hand control of that beautiful Rolls-Royce synchro-mesh gearbox. Note, too, how Rolls-Royce Ltd., contrive to present cars of modern appearance whilst retaining the famous Rolls-Royce radiator and generally eschewing the garish. These cars contribute as much to our prestige as the more popular makes.

ROLLS-ROYCE, LTD., 14-15, CONDUIT STREET, W.1 (Mayfair 6201). ROVER Stand 161

Four and six-light saloons will be shown on the " 60 " and " 75 " chassis. The " 60 " has a four-cylinder 1,595-c.c. engine, the " 75 " a six-cylinder 2,103-c.c. engine, both employing special combustion chambers in which the push-rodactuated o.h. valves are at the top and the exhaust valves at the side. Using respective compression-ratios of 7.1 and 7.28 to 1, the power deireloped is, respectively, 60 and 75 b.h.p. The specification as a whole embraces Coil-spring i.f.s., a free-wheel, a short rigid gear-lever selecting ratios of 4.7, 7.0, 9.6 and 15.85 to 1, and liberal use of rubber throughout the chassis. These Rovers retain an " old-world " sobriety of outline, for which many persons will doubtless breathe a sigh of relief, but their appointments are right up to date, including built-in heating, de-frosting and ventilation, fog lamp, neat instrument panel, tool tray in the facia, provision for radio, etc. Also on view is the ingenious 2450 Land Rover eight-speed four-wheel drive vehicle that is private car, light lorry, farm tractor and amphibian, all in one,

even a stationary power-plant when so required. It uses a Rover " 60 " engine and is surprisingly economical.

THE ROVER COMPANY, LTD., METEOR WORKS, SOLIHULL, BIRMINGHAM (Sheldon 2461). SINGER Stand 145

Chief exhibit is the new " S.M. 1,500" saloon, although only export sales can be made at present. It has a typically Singer four-cylinder, chain-driven-o.h.c. engine of 11-litre in a car designed from the commencement as an entity. Very good road-holding and handling has been secured, apparently, from a coil-spring i.f.s. system and half-elliptic normal rear suspension and the saloon body is of air-defeating outline. The four-speed gearbox has the now largely universal steering-column control to give a clear driving compartment. The wheelbase is 8 ft. 11+ in. and Lockheed brakes are used. For the Home Market the open " Nine " roadster, basic price 2450, and the "Super Ten" and Super Twelve" saloons, all with o.h.c. engines, are retained, new grey and light green finishes being available.

SINGER MOTORS, LTD., COVENTRY ROAD WORKS, BIRMINGHAM, 10 (Victoria 2271). STANDARD Stand 150

The Standard Company is making a big effort to capture export sales with the new "Vanguard," which is arousing so much interest in all parts of the globe. It has the New Look, is said to hold the road well, offers a brisk performance by reason of a 2,088-c.c., o.h.v., four-cylinder engine driving through a three-speed gearbox having ratios of 4.625, 7.71 and 16.35 to 1, and sells at the competitive basic price of 2425. STANDARD MOTOR CO., LTD., FLETCIIAMPSTEAD WORKS, COVENTRY (Coventry 60291). STUDEBAKER Stand 156

That very interesting example of the modern American automobile, the Studebaker, will be seen in Champion Regal saloon, coupe and convertible forms and as Commander Regal "Land Cruiser" and convertible models. The " Champion " gives 80 b.h.p. at 4,000 r.p.m., and the " Commander " and "Land Cruiser" 94 b.h.p. at 3,600 r.p.m., all using sixcylinder L-head motors. Compression ratios are 6.5 or 7.0 to 1, at choice-how does the average American buyer decide ? These cars abound in special fitments and features-contour-fit rear windows, package nooks under the arm-rests, 'black-light" instrument illumination, door-actuated interior lighting, washable Candalon nylon upholstery, 5 ft. wide front seat, self-adjusting brake shoes, automatic hill-holder, automatic fuelsaving overdrive, Climatizer heating and ventilation, heat-dam alloy pistons, direct water spray to valve seats, variable ratio steering, etc. If you are. interested in colour printing of pretty girls, go get some Studebaker literature !

STUDEBAKER DISTRIBUTORS, LTD., 385, EUSTON ROAD, N.W.1 (Euston 4444). SUNBEAM-TALBOT Stand 154

The" new look " Streamstyle SunbeamTalbots, in " 80 " and " 90 " forms, have o.h.v. engines, but retain " cart-spring " suspension. Saloon and drophead coupe bodywork will be shown. SUNBEAM-TALBOT, LTD., RYTON-ON DUNSMORE, NEAR COVENTRY TRIUMPH Stand 150

The stylish Triumph roadster has been endowed with a Standard " Vanguard " 2,088-c.c. power unit for 1949. The steering column gear-change is now of ball and socket type, while a hypoid-bevel 4.625 to 1 rear axle is used. Otherwise the design is virtually unchanged, while the" 1,800 "saloon is continued as before. STANDARD MOTOR CO. LTD., FLETCHAMSTEAD WORKS, COVENTRY (Coventry 60291). VAUXHALL Stand 162

Ever since General Motors took over the Luton factory, Vauxhalls have been smooth-running, brisk and roomy cars. The pre-war " Ten " contrived to give a better fuel consumption than many "Eights," aided by wide-gap ignition, together with a maximum of over 60 m.p.h., and it pioneered i.f.s. for inexpensive cars, with a modified Dubonnet system. The brand-new 1949 " Wyvern " and " Velox " models ably carry on the tradition. Three models of each will be on show, all saloons, black, gulf blue and nickel gray in the case of the " Wyvern," Alpine green, gulf blue and black with cream wheels in the case of the " Velox " cars. The " Wyvern " is a if litre fourcylinder for which 64 m.p.h. and 33-35 m.p.g. is claimed, the .price being £447 19s. 5d. with p.t. The Velox " is a 2f-litre six-cylinder claimed to achieve a genuine 75 m.p.h. and to give 25-28 m.p.g., while averaging 30 m.p.h. Its price is 2550 3s. lid, inclusive. Both cars have o.h.v. engines, steering column gearchange, three-speed synchromesh gearboxes, long half-elliptic rear springs and i.f.s. by oil-filled torsion-bar units, and Lockheed brakes. The integral bodywork is in the most up-to-date style, with horizontal air grille before an " alligator " bonnet, in-built lamps, well-valanced wings and large luggage boot. Even the famous " Wyvern ' mascot has been restyled to suit the new lines.

The 1+-litre " Wyvern " has a 6.4 to 1 compression-ratio, gives 35 b.h.p. at 3,600 r.p.m.-no highly stressed engine here-is geared to do 18.3 m.p.h. at 1,000 r.p.m. in top gear, and has gearbox ratios of 4.625, 7.58 and 15.88 to 1. 5.00 by 16 tyres are used, the wheelbase measures 8 feet 11 inches, and the kerb weight is 19k cwt. The 2f-litre " Velox " has a 6.75 to 1 compression ratio, gives 541 b.h.p. at 3,300 r.p.m., is geared to do 18.6 m.p.h. at 1,000 r.p.m. in top gear and has ratios of 4.125, 6.76 and 14.15 to 1. The tyres are 5.25 by 16, the wheelbase is the same, and the kerb weight is 21i cwt. The " Velox " differs from the " Wyvem " mainly in respect of pressure cooling, a larger fan, double-acting shockabsorbers, central armrests and slings for the seats, and a slightly bigger clutch.

It is very pleasing to find so many special features in both these cars, which might be expected only in American automobiles. We are thinking of such things as six-phase carburation, Stevenson jacking, self-parking screen wipers, balanced direct-lift windows, specially designed radio and heater, de-jeer and

ventilator (at extra cost), heavy chromiumed bumpers, recessed rear number plate, press-button fuel filler, lockable 50 in. wide luggage locker, " torsionsprung " seats, gated lighting switch, pilot sidelamp indicators and an indicator light to show whether or not the headlamps are dipped, etc. No starting handle is deemed necessary. The catalogues are beautifully produced, incidentally.

These two Vauxhalls are admirable family cars in the best present-day tradition, and already, although 75 per cent. of the output is for export, they are proving their popularity on our roads. Very fairly the makers claim them to be full four-seaters, although it is possible to accommodate six not too bulky persons—which is all that can be said for many so-called six-seaters ! Do not miss these new cars.

VAUXHALL MOTORS, LTD., LUTON, BEDS. (Luton 2600). WOLSELE Y Stand 151

Wolseley make one of the few" Eights" still on the British market, a 919-c.c. o.h.v. saloon, the basic price of which is £360. Larger models will also be on show, the lines of which have been modernised considerably.

WOLSELEY MOTORS, LTD., DREWS LANE, WARD END, BIRMINGHAM, 8.

THE ACCESSORIES AND COMPONENTS SECTION

There is, alas, insufficient space in which to detail the many exhibits of absorbing interest and value that will be found in the Accessories and Components Section at Earls Court. Automotive Products will occupy Stand 825, where they will show their new " Purolator " micronic oil filter, Thompson steering-rod assemblies, " Zero-Lash" silent, self-adjusting tappets, etc. A complete range of the famous 2LS Lockheed hydraulic brakes will be found on Stand 326, including the latest assembly now used on so many highperformance cars. Stand 312 will contain exhibits of the Borg and Beck clutch.

Joseph Lucas Ltd., will stage an exceptionally interesting display of lamps, horns, electrical and ignition equipment, etc., on Stand 253, apart from which their products figure on almost all the British cars. Lucas P.100 lamps are the answer to those who motor really fast at night. Lodge, the plug that the Alfa-Romeo and Maserati G.P. cars rely on, will be on Stand 248 and the makers will be glad to answer any plug-problems that assail enthusiasts. Similarly, your braking problems should be taken to Stand 278, where Ferodo will have their range of brake and clutch linings on show. On Stand 208 in the Tyre Section the latest, very much improved Dunlop tyres and tyre ancillaries can be examined. Much of interest to enthusiasts will be found on Stand 849, where Klinger gaskets will be displayed, together with useful literature, while a wide variety of ancillaries such as mirrors, anti-freeze, etc., will be staged by Wingard on Stand 486. Douglas Holt Ltd. will show their corn

pounds, cleaners, polishes, etc., on Stand 378. Notex fog and driving lamps can

be seen on Stand 259.

----PRESENTATION BOOKLET

Before the war Ferodo Ltd., used to issue after each season's racing a beautifully produced book giving a pictorial account of how users of their famous brake and clutch linings had fared in the previous season's important car and motorcycle races. We are glad to announce that Ferodo have again commenced to issue these accounts. That dealing with the 1947 season, entitled "Record-Braking," contains fine photographs of such men as Cobb, Gardner Mays, Abecassis, Parnell, Gerard, Brooke, Wimille, Trossi, Varzi, Villoresi, Sommer, Allard, Anderson, Beisher, Bell, Daniels, Foster, Weddell, Cann, Barrington, Archer, Drinkwater, Bills, etc., together with shots of their mounts. Copies of this booklet can be had free of charge, from Ferodo Ltd., Chapelen-le-Frith, on mention of Marva SPORT.

TRADE NEWS

Chipstead Motors Ltd., have moved to new premises at Onslow Garage, 107, Fulham Road, S.W.3, where sales, repairs, service and garaging facilities are available. They are open for petrol day and night. •

The service department of the Allard Motor Co., Ltd., has been transferred to 51, Upper Richmond Road, S.W.15. Bill TYlee Is in charge.

The Monaco Motor and Engineering Co., Ltd., announce that Mr. Peter Monkhouse has found that his position as Managing Director of Monaco Engines Ltd., demands an increasing amount of his time. Re has, therefore, sold his shares in the Watford Company to Mr. Dudley Folland, who, with Mr. Ian Connell and Mr. John Wyer, comprise the new Board.