Jacky Ickx

Full Name:
Jacques-Bernard Ickx
Born:
1st January 1945 (Age 74)
Ixelles, Brussels
Nationality:
Belgian
Most recent race (in database):
Biography

Jacques Ickx was an influential journalist who wrote Free Men are Free to Risk Their Lives in defence of motorsport when the Pope and others were calling for it to be banned. But the Ickx name is now better known for his son – six-time Le Mans winner Jacky.

Early racing career

Apparently bored by a first visit to the Belgian GP, the young Ickx started racing motorcycles in 1960 with some promise. Having served his national service in the Belgian Army, he switched to saloon cars with a Lotus Cortina. He then drove Alan Mann’s Ford Mustang to win the over-1600cc class of the 1965 European Touring Car Championship. A switch to a works BMW 2000Ti for the following year’s Spa 24 Hours delivered victory in his national race.

He also drove Ken Tyrrell’s Matra in Formula 3 and F2 during 1966. Second at Zandvoort and Zolder in F3, he impressed in qualifying for the German Grand Prix when 8.4 seconds quicker than any other Formula 2 car. He remained in F2 with Tyrrell and Matra in 1967 and won the inaugural European Championship after winning twice.

Better still, he was quicker in practice for the German GP than all bar two Formula 1 stars and his F2 Matra MS7-Cosworth was running fourth when the suspension failed. Victory in that year’s Spa 1000Kms with John Wyer’s Gulf Mirage Mk1-Ford was a glimpse of his future and he would also finish sixth in the Italian GP with a works Cooper T81B-Maserati in what was his first outing in an F1 car.

Formula 1 with Ferrari and Brabham delivers victory

The 22 year old was the man of the moment and Ferrari was quick to sign him. Ickx responded with a fine breakthrough victory in the wet 1968 French GP at Rouen in one of six consecutive top-four finishes. On pole for the German GP, he also won three sports car races in Wyer’s Gulf Ford GT40 before a broken leg while practising in Canada ended his slim world championship hopes. Ickx eventually finished fourth in the F1 standings.

A conflict between oil sponsors in F1 and sports cars forced a 1969 move to Brabham in F1 and he won the German and Canadian GPs. Ickx raced eventual champion Jackie Stewart wheel-to-wheel on both occasions and finished runner-up in the world championship.

Le Mans winner for the first time

The Le Mans 24 Hours would become integral to the Ickx story and he won for the first time in the epic 1969 event. The GT40 he shared with Jackie Oliver was outpaced by Porsche’s new 917 but Ickx was on top form and defeated Hans Herrmann’s last remaining works Porsche by 100 yards after two frantic final hours. However, driving home after the race, Ickx crashed his Porsche Targa into a telegraph pole when he swerved to avoid an oncoming car that had strayed onto his side of the road. He escaped with bruising and shock.

Challenging for the world title with Ferrari

Ickx returned to Ferrari for 1970 but suffered a fiery accident on the opening lap at Járama. Jackie Oliver crashed into him and their wrecked cars were engulfed in a fireball with Ickx suffering burns. Ickx did not miss a race and eventually emerged as the closest challenger for Jochen Rindt and the new Lotus 72. They fought a classic duel at Hockenheim but it was Rindt who prevailed. However, the Austrian was killed at Monza and was finally declared as the posthumous world champion with Ickx runner-up once more.

That was as close as Ickx would come to winning the F1 crown and he was fourth for the next two seasons. He left Ferrari during a disappointing 1973 campaign but victory in the non-championship Race of Champions a year later was the highlight of two frustrating seasons with Lotus.

Ickx won the 1975 Le Mans 24 Hours with a Gulf Mirage GR8-Ford and Derek Bell. He continued as an occasional F1 driver until 1979 with Williams, Wolf, Ensign and Ligier and won that year’s Can-Am title driving Carl Haas’ Lola T333CS-Chevrolet.

Le Mans legend with Porsche

It was while leading Porsche’s sports car team that he secured his legendary status. He joined the Stuttgart marque in 1976 and won four of his first five races prior to the Le Mans 24 Hours. He then shared the winning Porsche 936 with Gijs van Lennep at the Circuit de la Sarthe and repeated that success a year later, now with Hurley Haywood and Jürgen Barth.

Second in 1978 and 1980, he won the race for a fifth time when reunited with Bell in 1981. The Porsche 956 was introduced in 1982 and another Ickx/Bell Le Mans victory was its first success in the WSC in a 1-2-3 for the team. Ickx and Jochen Mass won at Spa-Francorchamps and Fuji and the drivers’ championship came to a climax at a very wet Brands Hatch with Ickx winning to snatch the title from Lancia’s Riccardo Patrese.

He retained the title in 1983 but was beaten into third a year later by precocious new team-mate Stefan Bellof. However, his young German rival was in a private Porsche when he attempted to go side-by-side with Ickx into Eau Rouge during the 1985 Spa 1000Kms. Contact was inevitable and proved fatal for Bellof.

Ickx, who had won the 1983 Paris-Dakar Rally Raid with a Mercedes-Benz, retired from racing after the 1985 season. He later served as chief steward at Monaco and has guided the sports car career of his daughter Vanina.

Superb in the wet and with a reputation as a master of the Nürburgring, Ickx’s tally of eight GP victories was a disappointing return for someone who originally seemed destined to be F1 world champion. But he more than made up for that in sports cars.

Championship seasons

Season Name Starts Poles Podiums Wins Position Points
1985 World Endurance Championship
Rothmans Porsche
10 2 5 3 3rd 101
1984 World Endurance Championship
Rothmans Porsche
8 0 6 2 3rd 104
1983 World Endurance Championship
Rothmans Porsche
7 2 6 2 1st 97
1982 World Endurance Championship
Rothmans Porsche
5 3 5 4 1st 95
1981 World Endurance Championship
Porsche System Engineering
1 1 1 1 112th 20
1980 World Championship of Makes
Martini Racing (Porsche)
1 0 1 0 15
1979 F1 World Championship
Equipe Ligier Gitanes
8 0 0 0
0% win rate
15th 3
1979 World Championship of Makes
Georg Loos
3 0 2 0 30
1979 SCCA Citicorp Can-Am Challenge
Carl Haas Racing Teams
5 0 5 5 1st 0
1978 World Championship of Makes
Porsche System Engineering
Max Moritz
4 2 2 1 35
1978 F1 World Championship
Team Tissot Ensign
3 (1) 0 0 0
0% win rate
0
1977 F1 World Championship
Team Tissot Ensign with Castrol
1 0 0 0
0% win rate
0
1977 World Championship of Makes
Martini Racing (Porsche)
7 6 3 3 60
1976 F1 World Championship
Team Ensign
Frank Williams Racing Cars
Walter Wolf Racing
8 (4) 0 0 0
0% win rate
0
1976 World Championship of Sportscars
Martini Racing (Porsche)
4 1 4 3 80
1976 World Championship of Makes
Martini Racing (Porsche)
6 5 4 3 73
1975 F1 World Championship
John Player Team Lotus
9 0 1 0
0% win rate
16th 3
1975 World Championship of Makes
Willi Kauhsen Racing Team
2 1 2 0 30
1974 F1 World Championship
John Player Team Lotus
15 0 2 0
0% win rate
10th 12
1974 World Championship of Makes
Autodelta
Equipe Gitanes
John Wyer Automotive Engineering
4 0 3 1 55
1973 World Championship of Makes
Scuderia Ferrari
7 0 6 2 94
1973 F1 World Championship
Scuderia Ferrari
Frank Williams Racing Cars
Yardley Team McLaren
12 0 1 0
0% win rate
9th 12
1972 F1 World Championship
Scuderia Ferrari
12 4 4 1
9% win rate
4th 27
1972 World Championship of Makes
Scuderia Ferrari
7 3 7 6 135
1971 F1 World Championship
Scuderia Ferrari
11 2 3 1
10% win rate
4th 19
1971 International Championship of Makes
Scuderia Ferrari
1 1 1 0 6
1970 F1 World Championship
Scuderia Ferrari
13 4 5 3
24% win rate
2nd 40
1970 European F2 Trophy
BMW
5 1 2 1
20% win rate
0
1970 International Championship of Makes
Scuderia Ferrari
4 1 2 0 12
1969 International Championship of Makes
John Wyer Automotive Engineering
2 0 2 2 16
1969 European F2 Trophy
Alejandro de Tomaso
1 0 0 0
0% win rate
0
1969 F1 World Championship
Motor Racing Developments
11 2 5 2
19% win rate
2nd 37
1968 F1 World Championship
Scuderia Ferrari
9 (1) 1 4 1
12% win rate
4th 27
1968 European F2 Trophy
Scuderia Ferrari
2 0 0 0
0% win rate
0
1968 International Championship of Makes
John Wyer Automotive Engineering
4 0 4 3 28
1967 RAC British F2 Championship
Tyrrell Racing Organisation
4 (1) 1 1 1
25% win rate
2nd 14
1967 F1 World Championship
Tyrrell Racing Organisation
Cooper Car Co
3 0 0 0
0% win rate
19th 1
1967 European F2 Trophy
Tyrrell Racing Organisation
8 (1) 2 4 2
25% win rate
1st 41 (45)
1967 International Championship of Makes
John Wyer Automotive Engineering
3 0 1 1 10
1966 F1 World Championship
Tyrrell Racing Organisation
1 0 0 0
0% win rate
0
1966 International Championship of Makes
Essex Wire Corporation
1 0 0 0 0
1966 Autocar British F2 Championship
Tyrrell Racing Organisation
2 0 0 0
0% win rate
6th 3