64clarkhill

Graham Hill

Full name
Norman Graham Hill, OBE
Born
15th February 1929 (Died age 46) - Hampstead, London
Died
29th November 1975 - Arkley, London - aircraft accident with Graham Hill Racing
Nationality
British
British
Years in Database
18
Recent Race
Starts
363 (9)
Wins
33
Poles
28
Podiums
97

Perhaps the most charismatic and popular Formula 1 driver of the 1960s. Graham Hill may not have been blessed with the natural talent of a Jim Clark or Jackie Stewart, but he more than made up for that in sheer determination and effortless charm. Twice World Champion during his 176 races as a Grand Prix star, he remains the only driver to win the Monaco GP, Indianapolis 500 and Le Mans 24 Hours.

Hill left Hendon Technical College to take up an apprenticeship with instruments manufacturer Smith’s. He broke his hip in a motorcycle accident but despite having one leg shorter than the other as a result, Hill then completed his National Service in the Royal Navy in 1950. He was a stroke for the London Rowing Club and both he and his son would adopt their colours as their helmet design.

Already 24 years old, Hill first drove a racing car at Brands Hatch in 1953 when he paid £1 to complete four laps in a Cooper. Determined to make his way in the sport, Hill left Smith’s and worked as a mechanic at the circuit and for 500cc Formula 3 champion Don Parker in return for sporadic opportunities to race. It was at the August Bank Holiday meeting in 1954 that Hill hitched a lift back to London with Colin Chapman and he soon joined Lotus as a mechanic.

He drove a Lotus 11 sports car during the 1956 club season and won races at Brands Hatch and Silverstone. The pattern continued a year later with Hill’s car now entered by E.G.Manton.

The ever-more ambitious Chapman introduced the F1 Lotus 12-Climax at the 1958 Monaco GP with Hill and Cliff Allison as drivers. It was a race of attrition and Hill had climbed to sixth position before he too retired. Chapman’s designs had a reputation for being fast but fragile and Hill retired from the next six GPs before his Lotus 16 finished sixth in the Italian GP – some eight laps off the pace. Hill should have made his debut at Le Mans that year but Allison was forced to retire their Lotus 15 after just three laps when the 1965cc Climax engine blew a head gasket.

From the archive

Hill endured further frustration during the 1959 F1 season with seventh in the Dutch GP a rare finish. Even then, he lost a lap and a promising fifth position when he had to stop to investigate why smoke was filling the car’s cockpit. That team-mate Innes Ireland, who had been running behind him at the time, went on to finish fourth (to match Lotus’s best result to date) must have been galling.

Frustrated after two seasons of failure and no sign of progress, Hill switched to BRM for 1960. The Bourne concern had just won the 1959 Dutch GP thanks to Jo Bonnier and they saw Hill’s engineering background as crucial as it developed the new P48. He qualified on the front row for the opening round in Argentina and finished third in the Dutch GP at Zandvoort – his best result so far. Hill appeared on course for a breakthrough victory when he took the lead of the British GP with 22 laps to go. However, he was suffering brake problems and he spun at Copse with just five laps – stalling and handing the win to World Champion Jack Brabham.

In keeping with the other British teams that were not ready for the new 1.5-litre F1 rules, BRM were handicapped during 1961 by having to run uncompetitive four-cylinder engines before its new V8 was ready. That was not until the Italian GP and even then, Hill only ran the unit during practice. Fifth in the United States GP, despite a pitstop to reattach his magneto, was Hill’s best result of the year. That Lotus won its third GP that day (and the first for the works) team led to questions as to whether Hill had made the right decision to leave.

However, any such doubts were erased in 1962. The V8-powered BRM P57 was now fully sorted and Hill won non-championship races at Goodwood and Silverstone before the season proper began. That promise was confirmed in the Dutch GP as Hill took control after the impressive Clark was delayed in the pits for nine laps – finally scoring his maiden GP win. Engine failure with eight laps to go lost certain victory in Monaco and he finished second behind Clark after qualifying on pole for the subsequent Belgian GP. Back-to-back victories in Germany (despite a fire extinguisher loose in his cockpit) and Italy were followed by second-place at Watkins Glen behind title rival Clark. That set up a winner take all showdown in South Africa – Hill clinching a fourth win of the year and his first World Championship when the Scot retired from the lead.

His title defence in 1963 included the first of five Monaco GP victories (eventually earning the sobriquet “Mr Monaco”) but the reliability that had been crucial a year earlier had deserted the team. He also won the United States GP and scored a couple of third-place finishes as he tied team-mate Richie Ginther as runner-up behind Clark.

Hill was part of the drama that defined the 1964 World Championship. Further victories in Monaco and the Unites States plus three successive second-place in the middle of the season gave Hill the chance of snatching a second crown at the Mexican GP finale. In the event, he made a poor start but he soon climbed to third. That would have been good enough to win the championship but he was hit by Lorenzo Bandini’s Ferrari as the Italian attempted to pass. Out of the race, Hill’s hopes lay in tatters before the dominant Clark retired on the last lap. Hill was briefly “World Champion” once more but Bandini let team-mate John Surtees by to claim that prize. He also shared a Maranello Concessionaires Ferrari with Joakim Bonnier in selected sports car races that year – finishing second at Le Mans and winning the Reims 12 Hours and Paris 1000Kms.

There was no stopping Clark in 1965 although Hill won at Monaco while the Scotsman was busy beating the regulars at Indianapolis. Although unable to match his rival, Hill finished every race bar one (including another US GP success) and was second in the World Championship for a third successive year.

Although 1966 proved frustrating in F1, with Hill failing to win a GP for the time since 1961, the year provided one of his most important (and lucrative) victories of his career. Walt Hansgen was slated to drive one of John Mecom’s Lola T90-Fords in that year’s Indianapolis 500 but the veteran died a week after crashing during April’s Le Mans test weekend. Hill was drafted in as his late replacement and the rookie qualified the “American Red Ball Special” on the outside of row five. Having avoided the first lap melee, Hill inherited victory when his team-mate (that day and in F1) Jackie Stewart retired with ten laps to go. Having recently learnt to fly, Hill used his winnings to buy a light aircraft which he used to travel to races.

Hill returned to Lotus in 1967 when accepting the challenge of direct comparison with the mercurial Clark in Chapman’s team. The team had an exclusive contract with Ford to develop the new Cosworth-designed DFV engine. Second in Monaco driving an old Lotus 33-BRM, he qualified the new Lotus 49-Ford on pole position for its debut in Holland although he retired from the lead. Mechanical failures in the next four GPs denied probable victories in France and at Silverstone. He was second at Watkins Glen and finished sixth equal in the championship.

The 1968 F1 season began with the South African GP at Kyalami and Clark led Hill in a Lotus 1-2 to signal new-found reliability to go with the car’s undoubted pace. However, Clark was killed at Hockenheim during a minor F2 race before the next round of the World Championship. Hill showed his courage and fortitude as he led the grief-stricken team – winning the next two GPs in Spain and Monaco. Second in Germany and the United States, he won the Mexican finale to clinch a second world title.

Second in the 1969 South African GP and Race of Champions, he survived a frightening accident when his high aerofoil collapsed during the subsequent championship round in Barcelona’s Montjuich Park. He won the Monaco GP for a fifth time (a record that would last until 1993) but he suffered a puncture during the penultimate GP at Watkins Glen and crashed heavily. Hill was thrown clear and broke both of his legs. His cheerful reaction to his extensive stay in hospital (giving a televised phone conversation on the following Monday) only served to heighten his popularity.

Any thoughts of retirement were brushed aside and Hill returned at the start of the 1970 season. He drove Rob Walker’s private Lotus 49C-Ford that year and scored points in the first three races despite his continued difficulty even walking.

He moved to Brabham in 1971 to replace the retiring team owner. Victory in the International Trophy provided Hill will a popular final F1 success but he finished no higher than fifth when points were on offer. He also drove a Rondel Racing Brabham BT36-Ford in F2 and won at Thruxton for the Ron Dennis-owned team.

From the archive

A second F1 season with Brabham included fifth-place at Monza but it was again away from that category that he scored a famous victory. He joined Matra-Simca for the Le Mans 24 Hours to share a Gerard Ducarouge-designed MS670 with Henri Pescarolo. They survived the wet conditions to deliver France’s first win in the race for 22 years in front of President Georges Pompidou, 10 laps ahead of the sister Francois Cevert/Howden Ganley car.

Now long past his prime as an F1 driver, Hill had a new project for 1973 – using sponsorship from the Embassy cigarette brand to form Graham Hill Racing. His Shadow DN1A-Ford was ready for the Spanish GP but it was not a competitive affair. Hill ran near, or at, the back with ninth at Zolder his best result.

The team expanded to a two-car outfit in 1974 with Lola commissioned to build a new DFV-powered car. The somewhat heavy T370, complete with oversized airbox, was not a success although Hill did finish sixth in Sweden – scoring the team’s only point that year.

The Lola was reworked and renamed the Hill GH1 when it was introduced at the 1975 Monaco GP. However, he failed to qualify for the race that he had once dominated and he decided that it was time to concentrate on running his team. Hill eventually announced his retirement on the eve of the British GP but it had already been a season of tragedy and much promise for the team by that time. Rolf Stommelen was leading the Spanish GP in Montjuich Park when he crashed over the barrier with tragic consequences – a spectator, a marshal and two photographers all killed. Both future World Champion Alan Jones and most particularly Englishman Tony Brise showed great promise in the car. Jones was fifth in Germany and Brise sixth in Sweden; the latter’s sixth-place on the grid at Monza confirming an upwardly mobile team and a potential new star.

That was not to be for, returning from testing at Paul Ricard that November, Hill crashed his Piper Aztec aircraft on approach to the airfield at Elstree. Hill, Brise, designer Andy Smallman, Team Manager Ray Brimble and mechanics Tony Alcock and Terry Richards were all killed in the accident.

Championship Seasons

Season Name Starts Poles Podiums Wins Position Points Results

1975

F1 World Championship

Embassy Racing with Graham Hill

2 (2)

0

0

0

U

0

1974

F1 World Championship

Embassy Racing with Graham Hill

15

0

0

0

18

1

1973

World Championship of Makes

Equipe Matra-Simca

1

0

0

0

U

0

1973

F1 World Championship

Embassy Racing with Graham Hill

12

0

0

0

U

0

1972

World Championship of Makes

Equipe Matra-Simca Shell

1

0

1

1

U

0

1972

John Player British F2 Championship

Tate of Leeds Racing

Jagermeister Racing Team

2 (1)

0

0

0

U

0

1972

F1 World Championship

Motor Racing Developments

12

0

0

0

12

4

1972

European F2 Trophy

Tate of Leeds Racing

Jagermeister Racing Team

7 (1)

0

0

0

U

0

1971

Torneio F2

Rondel Racing

4

0

0

0

8

4

1971

F1 World Championship

Motor Racing Developments

11

0

0

0

21

2

1971

European F2 Trophy

Rondel Racing

5 (1)

0

3

1 - 20% win rate

U

0

1970

F1 World Championship

Rob Walker Racing Team

Brooke Bond Oxo Racing Team/Rob Walker

11 (1)

0

0

0

13

7

1970

European F2 Trophy

Jochen Rindt Racing

0 (1)

0

0

0

U

0

1969

Rothmans Tasman Championship

Gold Leaf Team Lotus

7

0

2

0

5

16

1969

F1 World Championship

Gold Leaf Team Lotus

10

0

2

1 - 10% win rate

7

19

1969

European F2 Trophy

Roy Winkelmann Racing

4

0

1

0

U

0

1968

USAC National Championship

Andy Granatelli

1

0

0

0

U

0

1968

Tasman Cup

Gold Leaf Team Lotus

4

0

3

0

4

17

1968

F1 World Championship

Gold Leaf Team Lotus

Team Lotus

12

2

6

3 - 25% win rate

1

48

1968

European F2 Trophy

Gold Leaf Team Lotus

5

0

0

0

U

0

1967

USAC National Championship

Team Lotus

1

0

0

0

U

0

1967

Tasman Cup

Team Lotus

1

0

0

0

U

0

1967

RAC British F2 Championship

Team Lotus

3

0

1

0

8

6

1967

F1 World Championship

Team Lotus

11

3

2

0

6

15

1967

European F2 Trophy

Team Lotus

8

1

1

0

U

0

1966

USAC National Championship

Mecom Racing Enterprises

1

0

1

1 - 100% win rate

9

1000

1966

Tasman Cup

Owen Racing Organisation

5

1

5

2 - 40% win rate

2

30

1966

International Championship of Makes

Alan Mann Racing

1

0

0

0

U

0

1966

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

9

0

3

0

5

17

1966

Autocar British F2 Championship

John Coombs

1 (1)

0

0

0

7

2

1965

Tasman Cup

Scuderia Veloce

4

1

1

1 - 25% win rate

7

14

1965

South African Drivers Championship

John Willment Automobiles

1

0

1

1

U

0

1965

International Championship of Makes

Owen Racing Organisation

Porsche System Engineering

2

0

0

0

U

0

1965

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

10

4

6

2 - 20% win rate

2

40

1965

Autocar British F2 Championship

John Coombs

5 (1)

1

3

1 - 20% win rate

2

22

1964

Tasman Cup

Scuderia Veloce

2

0

1

1 - 50% win rate

6

12

1964

International Championship of Makes

Maranello Concessionaires

4

1

4

3

U

0

1964

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

10

1

5

2 - 20% win rate

2

39

1964

Autocar British F2 Championship

John Coombs

3

2

2

0

U

0

1963

Speed and Endurance World Challenge

North American Racing Team

Owen Racing Organisation

2

0

1

0

U

0

1963

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

10

2

5

2 - 20% win rate

2

29

1962

Speed World Challenge

David Brown Corporation

Porsche System Engineering

2

0

1

0

U

0

1962

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

9

1

6

4 - 45% win rate

1

42

1961

World Sportscar Championship

North American Racing Team

1

0

0

0

U

0

1961

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

8

0

0

0

13

3

1960

World Sportscar Championship

Dr Ing F Porsche

Porsche

3

0

1

0

U

0

1960

International F2 Championship

Dr Ing F Porsche

2

0

1

0

7

7

1960

F1 World Championship

Owen Racing Organisation

8

0

1

0

15

4

1960

Autocar British F2 Championship

Team Lotus

Dr Ing F Porsche

5

0

2

0

3

18

1959

World Sportscar Championship

Team Lotus Engineering

1

0

0

0

U

0

1959

F1 World Championship

Team Lotus

7

0

0

0

U

0

1959

Autocar British F2 Championship

Team Lotus

9

0

1

0

14

10

1958

World Sportscar Championship

Team Lotus Engineering

1

0

0

0

U

0

1958

F1 World Championship

Team Lotus

9

0

0

0

U

0

1958

Autocar British F2 Championship

Team Lotus

6

0

1

0

11

8

1957

Autocar British F2 Championship

High Efficiency Motors

Cooper Car Co

4

0

0

0

7

5

Non Championship Races

Title Date Circuit Laps Position

1975 International Trophy

13/04/1975

Silverstone

40

11

1974 Race of Champions

17/03/1974

Brands Hatch

40

NC

1974 International Trophy

07/04/1974

Silverstone

40

R

1973 Race of Champions

18/03/1973

Brands Hatch

40

R

1972 Monza Lottery Grand Prix

29/06/1972

Monza

40

1

1972 John Player Challenge

22/10/1972

Brands Hatch

40

R

1972 International Trophy

23/04/1972

Silverstone

40

7

1971 World Championship Victory Race

24/10/1971

Brands Hatch

14

8

1971 Race of Champions

21/03/1971

Brands Hatch

50

R

1971 Questor Grand Prix

28/03/1971

Ontario

64

R

1971 International Trophy

08/05/1971

Silverstone

52

1

1970 Race of Champions

22/03/1970

Brands Hatch

50

5

1970 Oulton Park Gold Cup

22/08/1970

Oulton Park

40

R

1970 International Trophy

26/04/1970

Silverstone

52

9

1969 Race of Champions

16/03/1969

Brands Hatch

50

2

1969 Oulton Park Gold Cup

16/08/1969

Oulton Park

40

R

1969 International Trophy

30/03/1969

Silverstone

52

7

1969 Albi Grand Prix

14/09/1969

Albi Aerodrome

75

1

1968 Race of Champions

17/03/1968

Brands Hatch

50

R

1968 Oulton Park Gold Cup

17/08/1968

Oulton Park

40

R

1968 International Trophy

25/04/1968

Silverstone

52

R

1967 Spanish Grand Prix

12/11/1967

Jarama

60

2

1967 Oulton Park Spring Trophy

15/04/1967

Oulton Park

30

8

1967 Oulton Park Gold Cup

16/09/1967

Oulton Park

45

3

1967 International Trophy

29/04/1967

Silverstone

52

4

1966 Oulton Park Gold Cup

17/09/1966

Oulton Park

40

R

1965 Race of Champions

13/03/1965

Brands Hatch

80

R

1965 International Trophy

15/05/1965

Silverstone

52

R

1965 Goodwood F1

19/04/1965

Goodwood

42

2

1964 Solitude Grand Prix

19/07/1964

Solitude

20

R

1964 Snetterton F1

14/03/1964

Snetterton

35

R

1964 International Trophy

02/05/1964

Silverstone

52

2

1964 Goodwood F1

30/03/1964

Goodwood

42

R

1964 BARC 200

18/04/1964

Aintree

67

2

1963 Snetterton F1

30/03/1963

Snetterton

50

1

1963 Oulton Park Gold Cup

21/09/1963

Oulton Park

73

3

1963 International Trophy

11/05/1963

Silverstone

52

R

1963 Goodwood F1

15/04/1963

Goodwood

42

9

1963 BARC 200

27/04/1963

Aintree

50

1

1962 Snetterton F1

14/04/1962

Snetterton

50

2

1962 Reims Grand Prix

01/07/1962

Reims

50

2

1962 Oulton Park Gold Cup

01/09/1962

Oulton Park

73

2

1962 Mallory Park F1

11/06/1962

Mallory Park

75

3

1962 Kanonloppet

12/08/1962

Karlskoga

30

R

1962 International Trophy

12/05/1962

Silverstone

52

1

1962 Goodwood F1

23/04/1962

Goodwood

42

1

1962 Brussels Grand Prix

01/04/1962

Heysel

66

DSQ

1962 BARC 200

28/04/1962

Aintree

50

R

1961 Syracuse Grand Prix

25/04/1961

Syracuse, Sicily

56

R

1961 Oulton Park Gold Cup

23/09/1961

Oulton Park

60

R

1961 Modena Grand Prix

03/09/1961

Modena Aerautodromo

100

7

1961 Goodwood F1

03/04/1961

Goodwood

42

2

1961 Brands Hatch F1

03/06/1961

Brands Hatch

76

13

1961 BARC 200

22/04/1961

Aintree

50

3

1960 Snetterton F1

17/09/1960

Snetterton

37

R

1960 Oulton Park Gold Cup

24/09/1960

Oulton Park

60

3

1960 International Trophy

14/05/1960

Silverstone

50

3

1960 Goodwood F1

18/04/1960

Goodwood

42

5

1960 Brands Hatch F1

01/08/1960

Brands Hatch

50

2

1959 Snetterton F1

10/10/1959

Snetterton

25

R

1959 Oulton Park Gold Cup

26/09/1959

Oulton Park

55

5

1959 International Trophy

02/05/1959

Silverstone

50

R

1959 Goodwood F1

30/03/1959

Goodwood

42

R

1959 BARC 200

18/04/1959

Aintree

67

11

1958 International Trophy

03/05/1958

Silverstone

50

8

1958 Goodwood F1

07/04/1958

Goodwood

42

R

1958 BARC 200

19/04/1958

Aintree

67

7

1957 International Trophy

14/09/1957

Silverstone

35

13

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